The Formation of Deserts
Scarcity of Rainfall - Deserts arise due to limited rainfall or low precipitation rates. Atmospheric conditions and geographical factors contribute to the inhibition of cloud formation and precipitation.
Evaporation and Limited Runoff - High temperatures and low humidity in desert regions accelerate evaporation, depleting surface water quickly. Consequently, surface runoff is minimal, further intensifying aridity.
The Rain Shadow Effect - Mountain ranges can create a rain shadow effect. Prevailing winds bring moisture from oceans, causing the air to rise, cool, and condense on the windward side of mountains, resulting in rainfall. As the air descends on the leeward side, it warms up, inhibits cloud formation, and fosters arid conditions, leading to the formation of rain shadow deserts.
Continental Interior Deserts - Far from water bodies, continental interior deserts experience minimal rainfall. This lack of moisture and limited water sources contributes to the formation of deserts.